Title:
The Invisible Slavs. Župa Bled in the “Prehistoric” Early Middle Ages
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translated by Meta Osredkar
front cover design Tamara Korošec
illustrations by Mateja Belak
digital elevation model Benjamin Štular
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Description


Villages in the Bled Area.

Is the inside-view into the life of people invisible to the written records possible, then? One cannot simple transfer oneself into the past and observe. However, one can immerse in the same landscape and seek for the residuals of the past in language, place names, folklore, ordering of the landscape and various material remains, or even in younger written records in the form of the so called wirkungsgeschichte (record of younger consequence of an earlier phenomenon). The least one achieves is the role of the passive observer. It is the aim of this book to go even further and to demonstrate that the "inside" perspective is not unattainable; it can be achieved by using a combination of various sources: written sources, archaeology, ethnology, philology and historic geography. The image of early medieval society in the Bled micro-region thus forming reveals the community with tightly economic and political ties. Weather or not it was referred to as Župa Bled is not confirmed by the written sources but it is at least likely.

Medieval authors refer to the Slavs as the people that are mostly speaking the same language and are following similar traditions and law. It would seem that the Slavs' society was based on a series of small territorial entities, known as župa. These had all a similar social structure, language, law, traditions and rituals – all of these were necessary in order for the Slavs to be perceived by the others – the medieval writers – as an entity. Using a mathematical metaphor the comparison with the fractals is perhaps in order. It explains the observed behaviour of the medieval Slavic society in which each individual župa behaves the same as larger territorial entity consisted of numerous župa's does. In this simile each župa is indeed a pars pro toto of the whole. To assume that by knowing Župa Bled we became familiar with the entire medieval Slavic society would be presumptuous solely on the grounds of environmental differences, not to dwell on numerous other variables. But it is not, we believe, stretching the truth to say that our knowledge of the whole has been significantly advanced.

Table of content
  • 1. INTRODUCTION
    • 1.1. Invisible history
    • 1.2. Motivations
      • The Slavs
      • Župa
      • Why the microregion of Bled
    • 1.3. Related research in the Eastern Alps and neighbouring areas
    • 1.4. Territory
       
  • 2. METHOD OF ANALYSIS
    • 2.1. Retrograde analysis of land cadastre
      • 2.1.1. Cadastral map
      • 2.1.2. Entering data into a cadastral map
      • 2.1.3. Reconstruction of the old land division
      • 2.1.4. Village plan
      • 2.1.5. Dendrogram of the village development
    • 2.2. Written sources
    • 2.3. Archaeological sources
       
  • 3.THE DEVELOPMENT OF INDIVIDUAL VILLAGES
    • 3.1 Zasip and Mužje
    • 3.2. Spodnje Gorje
    • 3.3. Zgornje Bodešče and Spodnje Bodešče
    • 3.4. Višelnica
    • 3.5. Zgornje Gorje
    • 3.6. Poljšica
    • 3.7. Podhom
    • 3.8. Spodnja Bohinjska Bela
    • 3.9. Grad - Bled
    • 3.10. Koritno
    • 3.11. Grimšče/Rečica and the settlement at Pristava
    • 3.12. Želeče and Zagorice
    • 3.13. Mlino and Zazer
    • 3.14. Ribno
    • 3.15. Selo
    • 3.16. Zgornja Bohinjska Bela
    • 3.17. Blejska Dobrava and Zgornja Blejska Dobrava
    • 3.18. Spodnje Laze and Zgornje Laze
    • 3.19. Kupljenik
       
  • 4. LOCAL INHABITANTS OF BLED IN THE SECOND HALF OF THE 11TH CENTURY
     
  • 5. LANDOWNERS IN THE BLED AREA FROM THE 11TH TO THE 15TH CENTURY
    • 5.1. The Reynman family
    • 5.2. The Seepacher family of Mlino
    • 5.3. The Grimšičar family
    • 5.4. The Kranschrot family 5.5. The Families of Gorje
    • 5.6. The Lambergar family
    • 5.7. Other families
    • 5.8. Development
    • 3.19. Kupljenik
       
  • 6. EDLINGS OF THE 15TH CENTURY
     
  • 7. ŽUPANS OF THE BLED AREA FROM THE 12TH TO THE 15TH CENTURY
     
  • 8. MOUNTAIN PASTURES OF THE BLED AREA
     
  • 9. ROUTES IN THE BLED AREA
     
  • 10. LANDHOLDING AND SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT OF THE BLED AREA
    • 10.1. The Bled area at the beginning of the 7th century
    • 10.2. From the 7th century to the third quarter of the 10th century
    • 10.3. The second half of the 10th century
    • 10.4. The Bled area in the 11th century
    • 10.5. The Bled area in the 12th and 13th century
    • 10.6. The Bled area in the 14th and 15th century
       
  • 11. CONCLUSIONS AND DISCUSSION
    • 11.1. To believe or not to believe. Two archaeological tests
    • 11.2. General observations
    • 11.3. The original state of land division
    • 11.4. The Kosezes
    • 11.5. The fate of Župa Bled and its people
    • 11.6. Future trends
       
  • 12. NAMES, PLACES, SPECIAL WORDS
    • Writing of personal names
    • The meaning of names
    • Special words
       
  • 13.REFERENCES
    • General abbreviations
    • Archival sources
    • Published written sources
    • Bibliography

Publishing House

Založba ZRC

ISBN

978-961-254-440-9

Specifications

hardback • 20 × 29 cm • 200 pages • 92 plans, maps, graphs and drawings

Price

35,00 EUR (Regular)
29,00 EUR (Club)

E-publications

ISBN 978-961-254-608-3
(11 MB)