Description

The proposed programme, ARCHAEOLOGICAL RESEARCH, will be focused on basic research aiming to develop knowledge about the development of humans and society in the early history of the south-eastern Alpine region.

The multileveled programme comprises an ample spectrum of essential topics, from introducing and verifying new research methods, creating databases and documentation systems for analysing settlement patterns, economy, social processes and the way of life of the people who settled the SE Alpine region from the Prehistory to the Early Middle Ages.

The archaeology of the Neolithic and Eneolithic will focus on investigations of the chronology, the settlement pattern dynamics, the economy and the palaeo-environment in various geographical regions of Slovenia.

The economic and social dynamics of the Bronze Age will be discussed while analysing cemeteries, funeral rituals, hoards and stray finds.

The cultural phenomena and processes of the Iron Age will be studied regarding the interregional connections with central Europe, Italy and the western Balkans. The large Early Iron Age settlement Most na Soči will be analysed, the relative chronology for the Dolenjska Hallstatt group will be renewed, and the study of the Iron Age iron tools and equipment will be prepared. Findings at the important archaeological site of Mokronog will be published.

Roman settlements will be explored on three different levels representing autonomous towns, small central settlements and villae rusticae. The processes of Romanization will also be investigated.

The database of Roman inscriptions from Slovenia will be upgraded steadily. A study of the Roman inscriptions from Emona will be finished. The translation with comments on the selected chapters from the Strabo’s Geography will be prepared. The synthesis The History of Slovenian territory in the Roman period will be finished. The settlement and material culture of the Late Antiquity will be researched with the focus on important sites (e.g. Korinjski hrib and Križna gora) and the defence system (Claustra Alpium Iuliarum).

In the context of the Early Middle Ages studies, structural analysis of cemeteries, settlements and the landscape will be carried out. The development of society, economy and ideology and their stratification will be studied with specific emphasis on the thus-far neglected Early Medieval elites in the period from 9th to 11th centuries.

In the field of palynology, Late Pleistocene and Holocene vegetation in Slovenia and the impact of human settlements and economy on vegetation will be studied. In archaeobotanical research, the macro-remains of plants from archaeological sites will be studied to determine the nature of the plant diets of the inhabitants and suggest the economy and the vegetation. In archaeozoology, the economic conditions in complex societies will be studied as well as their social, functional and ethnic differentiation. Attention will also be paid to the noneconomic exploitation of animals and human impact on the environment.

Project manager at ZRC